The controversy about antibiotic lethality and reactive oxygen species

by José Freire da Silva Neto

Antibiotics are powerful compounds in our battle against bacterial diseases. Despite their miraculous efficacy over decades, nowadays we are faced with the global spreading of antibiotic resistance and the decrease of our antibiotic arsenal. For many years, we learned that antibiotics exert their effect by direct interaction with different primary bacterial targets, causing killing (bactericidal drugs) or growth inhibition (bacteriostatic drugs). In 2007, an influential paper from the Collins laboratory [1] placed reactive oxygen species (ROS) as central players in the mechanism of cell death induced by bactericidal antibiotics. Ever since

Read More...