Welcome to the Cepid Redoxoma Newsletter!
Science is all about communicating Science. From a single discovery to an ellaborated theory, nothing exists unless it is effectively communicated and published. But this is not enough, particularly considering the explosive amount of information one is exposed nowadays. Discoveries and theories have to be actively and widely disseminated. Moreover, communication is the only means for cross-fertilization and collaboration, the hallmarks of high-impact modern Science. The main purpose of our CEPID-Redoxoma is to build a network that allows interaction and synergism.
Effective communication, thus, is at the heart of our aims as a group and, at the same time, is important
Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo
You may be thinking that the above title means that ROS are bad to our central nervous system because they trigger oxidative reactions that can damage it. Instead, the message here is that the term ROS obscures the mind to the point of hindering the advances in the understanding of the multiple roles of free radicals and oxidants in physiology and pathophysiology.
ROS appeared as an abbreviation for Reactive Oxygen Species but abbreviations are useful when they have specific meanings. ROS is not truly an abbreviation because it groups together molecules with entirely different chemical and biological properties. Also, it is not accepted as a standard abbreviation in chemistry because
The ideal type of diet is a long-sought goal that has not been fulfilled so far, both for preventive as well as therapeutic purposes. At the same time, caloric restriction has been well demonstrated to afford increase in lifespan in several species. Intermittent feeding has been used as a substitute for caloric restriction both by overweight or obese individuals (frequently without medical supervision) or, experimentally, as a mechanistical tool to understand the physiology of lifespan extension. These intermittently-fed animals, indeed display decreased body mass, but surprisingly overall caloric intake is similar to that of ad libitum-fed animals. Work performed by the CEPID-Redoxoma
Excited species such as singlet molecular oxygen [O2(1Δg)] and triplet carbonyls are a less understood subgroup of oxygen-derived oxidants in BioMedicine. Their generation has been associated to the detection of ultraweak chemiluminescence in mammalian tissues and there is emerging evidence for their roles in pathophysiological situations. However, pathways accounting for their generation in vivo have remained obscure, limiting the assessment of their biological roles. In vitro, excited species arise from photochemical processes involving direct excitation by light. However, atypical photochemical processes not involving photoexcitation have been proposed
The radical-free corner
Grant reviews by colleagues, i.e., peer-review, is a solid foundation of the science-making process. While this appears at first sight to be an immutable dogma, several criticisms have been increasingly voiced by the scientific community, indicating that the ideal peer-review process is far from established. One of the major criticisms has been a perceived lack of objectivity and expertise. In this context, a group of investigators from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, USA, led by Michael Lauer, performed a follow-up study of NIH RO1 grant (the equivalent of a “regular project”) impact and asked whether such impact could be predicted by the score grant level at the
Alicia Kowaltowski, Full Professor at the Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, and member of the INCT and CEPID of Redox Processes in biomedicine – Redoxoma, was one of the winners of 2014 Award Capes-Elsevier. The award ceremony was held at the Copacabana Palace in Rio de Janeiro, last May.
The award is a partnership between Elsevier and the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, Ministry of Education (CAPES / MEC). This year, ten women scientists received the award for their contribution to the development of science in Brazil.
The criteria for the selection of the winners was researchers who have impacted the scientific community, published articles